The insurance policy or contract is a contract by which the insurer promises to pay benefits to the insured or, on his behalf, to a third party if certain events occur. Subject to the “Fortuity” principle, the event must be uncertain. The uncertainty may be either when the event will occur (for example. B in life insurance, the date of the insured`s death is uncertain) or whether it will occur (for example. B in fire insurance, whether or not there is a fire).  In insurance, the offer is generally initiated by the insurance applicant through the services of an insurance agent who must have the power to represent the insurance company by completing an insurance application. Sometimes the insurance application can be filed directly with the insurance company via its website. How the offer is accepted depends on whether the insurance applies to in-kind, liability or life insurance insurance. With regard to property and liability insurance, the offer is the demand for insurance and the payment of the first premium or the promise to do so.
In most personal insurance lines, the agent can accept the offer for the company and link the business to the contract. A file is a fixed-term contract that can be oral or written and immediately binds the insurance company to the contract until it has the opportunity to review the application and issue a formal policy. Thanks to the binder, the insurance takes effect immediately. Most files are written and contain general information, such as the type and amount of the insurance, the names of the parties and when the binder is effective. However, as soon as a formal directive is issued, the terms of the directive crush the file. This is especially true for oral records, because as soon as a written policy is issued, the probation rule determines the written policy in the event of a conflict between the oral agreement and the written agreement. If a mistake has been made in politics, such as the erroneous introduction of bad political value, then the treaty can be reformed by correcting the error, an unfair enrichment of one of the parties. The Court`s decision dealt with the differences between insurance policies and insurance contracts that are recognized in the legal definitions of “contract” and “policy” in the Insurance Act, RSO 1990, c.i.8.  The Court found that insurance policies are instruments that, by their very existence, do not create legal obligations.
In the absence of an additional contract, a policy is merely a recitation of commercial terms that are not attached to a particular person or object. Although compensation agreements have not always had a name, they are not a new approach. Historically, compensation agreements have helped to ensure cooperation between individuals, businesses and governments. In insurance, the insurance policy is a contract (usually a standard form contract) between the insurer and the policyholder, which determines the fees that the insurer must pay legally. In exchange for a first payment, called a premium, the insurer promises to pay for losses caused by watery hazards that fall within the language of insurance. Recipients may be modified as changing beneficiaries do not alter the insured risk, so there are no consequences for the insurer if the policyholder changes the beneficiaries, but the insurer must be informed before the change is legally binding. The goal is to protect the insurance company from paying the wrong person or being forced to pay twice. In 1941, the insurance industry has begun to move to the current system, in which the risks covered are first generally defined in an “all risk” or “all sums” in order to guarantee a general insurance agreement (e.g.B. “We pay all amounts that the insured has legally been required to pay for damages”), and then are limited by subsequent exclusion clauses (e.g. B “This insurance does not apply”).
 If the insured wants coverage for a risk taken by an exclusion on the standard form, the insured may sometimes get an additional premium for a bill